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立式离心机工作原理

FABURIQI:2020-04-24 LIULANCISHU:572

  目前卧式振动离心机和立式刮刀离心机是选煤厂常用的末煤离心脱水机。介绍了2种离心脱水机的工作原理、结构与性能。分析2种离心机在使用过程中常见故障,提出了解决问题的方法。


  LIANGZHONGLIXINJIGONGZUOYUANLIJIJIEGOUXINGNENGDUIBI


  1.1GONGZUOYUANLIDUIBI


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  WOSHIZHENDONGLIXINJIGONGZUOYUANLI:WULIAOJINGGUORULIAOGUANYANSHAIZUOJINRUSHAILANDEDIBU,SHAILANNEIDEWULIAOSHOULIXINLIZUOYONGJINTIESHAIMIAN,ZAIZHENDONGLIZUOYONGXIA,LIAOCENGJUNYUNDIXIANGSHAILANDADUANYIDONG,TUOSHUIHOUDEWULIAOCONGSHAILANDADUANSHUAICHU,LUORUJIQIAOXIABUDEPAILIAOKOU,XIANGXIAPAICHU。WULIAOZHONGDESHUIZAILIXINLIZUOYONGXIA,TOUGUOLIAOCENGHESHAIFENG,SHUAIXIANGJIQIAOSIZHOU,YANNEIBILIUXIANGPAISHUIKOUPAICHU。


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  1.2JIEGOUDUIBI


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  1.3LIANGZHONGLIXINJIXINGNENGDUIBI


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  LIANGZHONGLIXINJICHANGJIANGUZHANGJIPAICHUFANGFA


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  (1)RUNHUAXITONGGUZHANG


  ①MEIYOUYOUYAHUOYOUYAGUODI


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  ②YOUYAGUOGAO


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  (2)PAOCU:LIXINYEZHONGDEDAKELIHANLIANGZENGJIA


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  (3)XIALIAOBUCHANG、CHULILIANGBIANXIAOHUODULIAO


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  (4)LIXINJIZHENDONGGUODA


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  LISHIGUADAOLIXINJIZHENDONGGUODAYUANYINYOU①XUANZHUANBUFENDONGPINGHENGSHIHENGHUOJICHUJIAGUORUAN;②SHAILANDUSAIHUOMOLOU;③JIANZHENDANHUANGSONGDONGHUOSUNHUAI;④RULIAOBUJUNYUN、BULIANXU。


  (5)CHUXIANYICHANGZAOSHENG


  ①JIANCHAYOULUSHIFOUZHENGCHANG;②JIANCHASHIFOUYOUYIWUJINRUJITI;③JIANCHAPIDAISHIFOUSUNHUAIHUOTUOLUO;④ZHOUCHENGSUNHUAI,XUGENGHUANXINZHOUCHENG。⑤CHILUNDACHIHUOSUNHUAI,XUXIUCHIHUOGENGHUAN。


  3·LISHILIXINJIDEJIGOUTEDIAN


  (1)GONGZUOBUFEN。ZHUJIDEGONGZUOBUFENZHUYAOYOUSHAILAN、LUOXUANXIELIAOZHUANZI、ZHONGXINGZHAOHEBULIAOPANZUCHENG。ZHUIXINGSHAILANZHUANGZAIZHONGXINGZHAOSHANG,ZHONGXINGZHAOZEYONGLUOSHUANGUDINGZAIWAIZHOUSHANG。BULIAOPANZHUANGZAILUOXUANXIELIAOZHUANZISHANG,LUOXUANXIELIAOZHUANZIYONGLUOSHUANHEJIANGUDINGZAICHASUQIXINZHOUSHANG,QIZHUANSULVEDIYUSHAILANDEZHUANSU。ZHONGXINGZHAOHELUOXUANXIELIAOZHUANZIDEJIEGOUKEBAOZHENGMEILIBUZHILUORUZHOUCHENGNEI,ERQIEBIANYUTUOSHUIHOUMEILIDEYIDONG。


  (2)CHUANDONGBUFEN。CHUANDONGXITONGYOUYIJISANJIAODAICHUANDONGHELIANGDUIXIECHIYUANZHUCHILUNCHUANDONGZUCHENG。LISHIDIANDONGJITONGGUOSANJIAODAIDAIDONGZHONGJIANZHOUZHUANDONG,ZHONGJIANZHOUSHANGZHUANGYOULIANGGECHISHUXIANGCHAWEI1DECHILUN,TAMENFENBIEYUZHUANGZAIWAIZHOUSHANGDECHILUNHEZHUANGZAIXINZHOUSHANGDECHILUN(ZHEILIANGGECHILUNDECHISHUXIANGTONG)XIANGNIEHE,CONGERSHISHAILANHELUOXUANXIELIAOZHUANZIBAOCHITONGXIANGXUANZHUAN,BINGYOUSHIDANGDEZHUANCHA。


  (3)RUNHUAXITONG。GAILIXINJICAIYONGXIYOUJIZHONGRUNHUAXITONG。RUNHUAYOUCONGYOUXIANGJINGLVYOUQIJINRUCHILUNYOUBENG,RANHOUJINGZHUYAYOUGUANJINRUDUOZHIYOUGUAN(FENYOUQI),ZAIJINGSIGEFENZHIYOUGUANJINRUGERUNHUADIAN,JIXINZHOUSHANGBUZHOUCHENGHEWAIZHOUSHANG、XIAZHOUCHENG,LIANGDUIXIECHILUN,ZHONGJIANZHOUSHANGBUHEXIABUZHOUCHENG。SHANGSHUGERUNHUADIANDEQUANBURUNHUAYOUJINRUCHASUQIDIBU,JINGHUIYOUGUANFANHUIYOUXIANG。ZAIDUOZHIYOUGUANSHANGZHUANGYOUYALIBIAO,ZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGDEGONGZUOYOUYAWEI0·05~0·50MPa。ZAIMEIGEFENZHIYOUGUANSHANGJUNZHUANGYOULIULIANGZHISHIQI,BIANYUDUILIULIANGQINGKUANGJINXINGZHIJIEGUANCHA。


  (4)BAOHUXITONG。YISHIGUODIANLIUBAOHU。YOUYUJINLIAOGUODADENGYUANYINSHIDIANJIDIANLIUCHIXUGUODA,CHAOGUOYUNXUZHISHI,QIEDUANZHUDIANJIDIANYUAN,CONGERDADAOBAOHUDIANJIHEZHUJIDEMUDE。ERSHIRUNHUABAOHU。ZHUDIANJIYUYOUBENGDIANJILIANSUO,SHIZHUDIANJIZAIYOUBENGDIANJIKAIDONGQIANWUFAQIDONG;ZAIRUNHUAXITONGZHONGCAIYONGDIANJIEDIANYALIBIAO,DANGYOUYAGUODI(<0·04MPa)HUOGUOGAO(>0·50MPa)SHI,FACHUJINGBAOXINHAO,JINGGAOSIJITINGJIJIANCHA。


  JIEYU


  YULISHIGUADAOXIELIAOLIXINJIXIANGBIJIAO,WOSHIZHENDONGLIXINJIJUYOUCHULILIANGDA、YISUNJIANSHAO、JIESHENGKONGJIANHEJIANXIUFANGBIANDENGYOUDIAN。DANSHIMUQIANGUONEIWOSHIZHENDONGLIXINJIJISHUHAIBUGOUCHENGSHU,WENDINGXINGBUGAO,DUIWULIAOBIANHUADESHIYINGXINGJIAOCHA,RENGXUYAOGUANGDALIXINJIYANFARENYUANJINYIBUJIJITANSUO。